Organic food is made without adding artificial fertilizers and pesticides, while maintaining the fertility of soil and biological diversity. Artificial fertilizers and pesticides used in excess are dangerous for the human organism.
The rules of producing organic food have been specified in the EEC 2092/91 certification on organic production of agricultural products and indications referring thereto on agricultural products and foodstuffs. Organic products need to contain appropriate european certificates. In Poland, since 2004, production of organic food is regulated by law, thanks to the Council Regulation (EEC) No. 2092/91 on organic production of agricultural products and indications referring thereto on agricultural products and foodstuffs.
On the packaging of organic products there needs to be an organic farming trademark (on the power of the Council Regulation (EEC) No. 2092/91 from the 21 of June 1991). The EKO trademark is an assurance of quality. The consument can be sure that a given food has been manufactred according to the rules and it has been controlled by professionals. Organic farms, which supply us with bio food, need to meet three main requirements. First, the production of organic food cannot disturb burden the environment. Second, the farm should be as self-sustaining as possible, which means that organic products cannot have any contact with chemicals, pesticides and growth regulators. Organic farms should, if possible, limit the use of machines. The farmers should take particular notice of the purity of the soil and groundwater. The basis is formed then by natural waste, compost and manure. Third, the production needs to contribute to the development of the countryside and farming.
Numerous studies have shown that food coming from organic farms is more nutritious and tastier compared to conventional food and it shows:
- a higher percentage off dry mass and less water in the products
- a higher energy density and a higher amount of minerals supplied to the organism
- a higher vitamin content in 100g of product compared to conventional products
- a higher taste-aroma quality
- organic food is much less allergenic compared to traditional food
- conventional products contain much more carcinogenic heavy metals, nitrates, pesticides and harmful chemicals than organic products
- There are more than 400 different chemicals used in conventional farming, the use of which is categorically forbidden in organic farms
The public awareness of proper nutrition has definitely increased. Currently we choose organic and natural products more often than ever, not just for our health, but also in concern for the ecosystem of our planet.